Care of the newborn
Being a parent first time : Taking baby home
Your excitement knows no bound that finally you will be with your baby at home .Your new life as parent has begin and you are not aware how to make arrangements for it ,coz you always want to be the best .
These are some tips which will help you guide through this journey
Getting assistance after birth
Post delivery the time is very hectic . When you are in the hospital ,collect all informations regarding lactation and feeding and newborn care . In the hospital only start brest feeding/bottle feeding . Learn how to hold , burp, change and care for the new addition .
Try to get a home help in the form of baby nurse or any friendly help.
Many time you wont agree to what the friends are saying .Dont dismiss it .Try to confirm with your doctor . If you don’t want much visitors and guests don’t feel guilty in saying no to them . Your baby is more valuable than any other thing in this life .
Taking care of your newborn: Few tips
- Make sure that the baby is not handled by too many people.
- Wash your hands and tell other caregivers also to wash there hands whenever they handle the baby as the baby doesn’t have a strong immune system.
- Always support your baby’s head and neck. Cradle the head when carrying your baby and support the head when carrying the baby upright or when you lay your baby down.
- Never shake your newborn baby whatever be the circumstance. Shaking vigorously causes bleeding in the brain and even death.Wake up the baby cutely by tickling your baby’s feet or blow gently on a cheek.
- Make sure your baby is securely fastened into the carrier, stroller, or car seat. Limit any activity that could be too rough or bouncy.
- Remember that your newborn needs to be handled very softly not roughly.
BABY BATH AT HOME
Sponge bath is done until:
- The umbilical cord dries & falls off (1-4 weeks)
- the circumcision heals (1-2 weeks)
Check list before bathing your baby:
- a soft, clean washcloth
- Baby soap and shampoo (mild & unscented)
- towels or blankets
- a clean diaper
- clean clothes
- clean water
- clean bath tub
Sponge bath is done in a safe flat surface (e.g. a table , counter or floor) in a warm room. Fill bowl /sink with lukewarm water . The baby is undressed and wrapped in a towel. Infants eyes is washed separately with a damp cloth .(or a clean cotton ball) dampened with water only, starting with one eye and wiping from the inner corner to the outer corner. The other eye is washed with another wash cloth . After wetting the cloth and with the help of little soap the face is washed and dried.
Gently wash the babys head by the lather created by a shampoo and subsequently rinse it . Using a wet cloth and soap, gently wash the rest of the baby, paying special attention to creases under the arms, behind the ears, around the neck, and in the genital area. Once you have washed the area ,dry all the body parts and then only make the baby wear the diaper .
Tub bath is very exciting for the baby . the baby loves playing in the tub but you have to be cautious to make this experience playful and safe . If the baby doesn’t immediately acclimatize to tub bath then make it short and gente and shift to sponge bath in between
In addition to the above list other requirements are :
An infant tub is made up of plastic which fits in the bath tub .
an infant tub with 2 to 3 inches of lukewarm water (always test the water temperature by feeling it with the inside of your elbow or wrist). Undress the baby in a warm room . Support the head of your baby with hand and help the baby to get in the water with feet first .
The water in the tub should not be more than 2 to 3 inches deep, and that the water is no longer running in the tub. Speaking to the baby gently, slowly lower your baby up to the chest into the tub. Use a washcloth to wash his or her face and hair. Gently massage your baby’s scalp with the pads of your fingers. When you rinse the soap or shampoo from your baby’s head, cup your hand across the forehead so the suds run toward the sides and soap doesn’t get into the eyes. Gently wash the rest of your baby’s body with water and a small amount of soap.
Throughout the bath, regularly pour water gently over your baby’s body so he or she doesn’t get cold. After the bath, wrap your baby in a towel immediately, making sure to cover his or her head. Baby towels with hoods are great for keeping a freshly washed baby warm.
While bathing your infant, never leave the baby alone. If you need to leave the bathroom, wrap the baby in a towel and take him or her with you.
Neonatal umbilical cord care at home
The mothers should know that umbilical cord stump has to be left dry and NOTHING IS TO BE APPLIED on the stump. The diaper should never cover it and it has to be covered by loose cloth or left open . If by any reason it gets soiled then it has to be cleaned with soap and water and dried by a clean dry cloth.
Mothers should check for signs of infection like discharge from the umbiical cord and redness and report to the doctor if they see any changes in it.